Breast milk is nature’s most perfect food for babies, increases resistance, fosters abundant energy, gives children the best start in life. Especially, it is also an invisible cord connecting the spiritual motherhood between mother and baby. This is why the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding for at least the first 6 months.
However, this seemingly simple job can also cause many mothers a headache because of the problems that arise. For “brand new” mothers when they first breastfeed, they will surely encounter many difficulties as well as initial worries. Here are some of the most common breastfeeding problems moms encounter.
1. Sore nipples
One of the difficulties that mothers often encounter when breastfeeding the first time is the phenomenon of nipple headache. A baby’s incorrect position during a feed is the most common cause of sore nipples. So if the pain persists for more than a minute while breastfeeding, try checking both mother and baby’s position.
Solution: Try to place your baby’s mouth symmetrical with the nipple and make sure the area of the baby’s breast is attached more tilted downwards. If your baby is suckling at the wrong position, first place your index finger in the baby’s mouth to slowly bring him out of the nipple. Hold the baby’s chin or wait until the baby yawns to bring the nipple back to the baby’s mouth.
When the baby is in the correct position, the baby’s chin and nose should be touching the mother’s chest, and the mother can see her nipples or are the areola below her mouth. If the mother still feels sore nipples in the case of the standard suckling position, the mother’s nipple is likely to be dry. At this time, you should wear loose clothing and avoid washing your nipples with soap.
2. Cracked nipples
There are many causes of cracked nipples, such as fungus, dry skin, and improper pumping of milk. During the first week of breastfeeding, the mother’s nipples may crack and bleed when the baby is not on a good grip.
Solution: Check your baby’s suckling position, make sure the baby is feeding in a position where the mother can see her nipples or the areola below the baby’s mouth. In addition, mothers try to breastfeed as often as possible for a short time. When your baby is less hungry, his / her feeding force will be softer.
Before this problem, mothers should not try to treat their nipples with any other chemicals such as soap, detergent, perfume … because it will affect the mother’s milk flow. You should only wash your nipples with clean water or apply colostrum and let dry naturally. You can also take pain relievers like acetaminophen or ibuprofen 30 minutes before breastfeeding. In addition, another effective way is to pump out breast milk or use a nipple protector to prevent the baby from chewing on the breast causing cracked skin.
3. Clogged milk ducts
This is another common problem when mothers breastfeed their babies. The reason may be that the mother previously wore a bra that was too tight, causing the nipples to retract or sleep on her stomach. to unknown causes. If the mother starts to have a fever and chest soreness, this is a sign that the breast may be infected and needs to be checked.
Solution: Mothers try to use breast stimulation massage or use a breast pump to suck up excess milk. Blocking does not harm your baby because breastmilk has natural antibiotics, but the problems it causes can make mothers uncomfortable in daily activities.
4. Too much milk causes breasts to become full / overflowing
It is normal for her breasts to feel tight and heavy during the first few weeks, but if she finds her breasts more uncomfortable after that time, in particular, the breasts become stiff and uncomfortable. Maybe the mother is suffering from milk retention. When the mother is engorged, it will make the breasts hard, making it difficult for the baby to latch on.
It is normal for her breasts to feel tight and heavy during the first few weeks, but if she finds her breasts more uncomfortable after that time, in particular, the breasts become stiff and uncomfortable. Maybe the mother is suffering from milk retention.
It is normal for her breasts to feel tight and heavy during the first few weeks, but if she finds her breasts more uncomfortable after that time, in particular, the breasts become stiff and uncomfortable. mothers can become engorged.
Solution: Breastfeed regularly 8 to 12 times a day with both breasts. Mom do not skip any feedings of the baby and continue to breastfeed both night and day. Make sure the baby is in the correct position and has the right nipple, helping the mother’s breast to release milk. In addition, mothers use a little water to soften the nipples before feeding your baby. You can combine breast massage to make the milk go down faster and more naturally.
The phenomenon of mastitis is also one of the problems with breastfeeding that mothers often have. It is an infection with flu-like symptoms such as fever, chest pain. This usually occurs in the first few weeks after birth or in mothers who are weaning. Causes of this disease are due to long cracked nipples or blocked milk ducts.
Solution: The most effective way to treat infections is to use antibiotics, hot compresses and, most importantly, to empty the breast milk. Mom, use the breast pump until the red area of the chest has calmed down. Mastitis does not affect the quality of breast milk, so mothers can still continue to breastfeed if they encounter this problem.
Tongue thrush in children is caused by a fungus called Candida. Symptoms of Candida yeast disease in the mother are red nipples, which are painful like being stung by a bee while feeding the baby, and even lightly touching it causes pain. When the baby is breastfed, the baby is very susceptible to fungal infections from the mother and the manifestations of thrush. Other signs include white tarpaulins on the inside of the cheeks in the oral cavity and on the tongue.
Solution: The best way is that both mother and baby need to see a doctor if there are signs of illness. The doctor will prescribe both mother and baby to fight fungus on the nipples and in the mouth. During treatment, it is best not to breastfeed the baby directly.
This is one of the problems when breastfeeding for many mothers after about two or three months of breastfeeding because the baby’s demand for breast-feeding increases, leading to a lack of milk to breastfeed. This problem is related to the function of milk production of a woman during lactation, to a disorder of hormones secreted from the pituitary gland, a side effect of taking certain drugs or by Breast surgery problems before having children.
7. Not enough milk to breastfeed
Solution: Mommy massaging your breasts and using a breast pump regularly can help solve this problem. In addition, mothers should supplement their diets with dairy foods such as red vegetables, dried fruits, oats, hooves, sweet potatoes … You need to avoid foods after breastfeeding: Coffee, chocolate, broccoli, citrus fruits …
8. Baby sleeps while breastfeeding
During the first few weeks of life, babies often sleep a lot. Oversleeping while breastfeeding occurs so often, so much so that many mothers worry that their baby hasn’t gotten enough milk to fall asleep.
Solution: When the baby is suckling, if the mother finds that the baby’s sucking rhythm slowly slows down, the eyes are half-closed and gradually leave the nipple, find a way to awake the baby. The mother can tickle the baby, blow in the cheek or rub the back and talk to the baby, then move the baby to the other chest and feed the baby.
9. Dropped nipples / nipples
You can determine if your nipples are dented or not with a simple self-test: gently grasp the nipple with your thumb and forefinger, if the nipple is shrinking rather than protruding. is concave. This has no effect on health factors, but it will make breastfeeding more difficult.
Solution: Use a breast pump to allow the milk to flow, then store it carefully and let the baby drink gradually.
10. Have chest pain when the milk is flowing down
The female breast functions like a machine. When breastfeeding, all parts of the breast reach down to help push the milk out of the breast. And just like machines, when you have to work too much, parts of your chest can become damaged. Some mothers only experience itching in their breasts, while others experience pain and discomfort.
Solution: If you only have a tingling sensation when the milk comes down, try relaxing while breastfeeding or pumping. If the severity is more severe, mothers need to check for signs of mastitis, breast infection and related diseases. Sometimes these pains are caused by too much milk in the breast. In this case, the mother can try to breastfeed longer on one breast and switch to the other breast only when the milk is gone.
If the mother’s body shows more severe signs such as fever, aches and pains, chills … it is necessary to see a specialist to completely solve the problem.